Teal vs. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

Lifecycle emissions diagram

Cradle to Grave CO2 Emission Life Cycle Assessment

Teal creates 45% less CO2 than a BEV in this phase

Mining and Manufacturing

Teal creates 19% less CO2 than a BEV in this phase

Daily Operations

Teal creates 50% less CO2 than a BEV in this phase

End of life

 GHG SourceTEAL BEV
01Battery Mining & Manufacturing2x6x
Powertrain Mining & Manufacturing1x2x
Body & Chasis Mining & Manufacturing3x3x
02Well to Tank Cold Climate (WtT Electricity)*19x16x
Well to Tank Cold Climate ( WtT Fuel)1x0x
Tank to Wheel Cold Climate (TtW)*23x0x
03Recycling(End of Life)*31x2x
Total20x29x


(1) Electric heat to warmup the cabin increases the energy consumption of a BEV by 20%-30% in cold climates. In larger metros this can be up to 40% due to heavy traffic. Also, current BEVs don’t have winter proof thermal management for battery packs resulting in poor regenerative braking and significant drop in efficiency in cold climates.

(2) With Teal’s range extender onboard, the generator will provide ~35% electric efficiency and ~55% heat efficiency to keep the cabin and battery pack warm under any condition. This will significantly improve the regenerative brake performance and efficiency in ambient temperatures below 10°C that accounts for majority of the days in Canada.

(3) Less battery means less recycling related emissions.

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